A lot of people have eye problems in today’s digital age. A decade ago, most people who wore eyeglasses were in their fifties or older. Now, people as young as twelve years old or younger wear eyeglasses as well. While the problem may stem from heredity, technology has also contributed to poor eye performance. If you are not a fan of wearing eyeglasses, then a contact lens may sound better. In time, you may encounter difficulties or pain in your eyes while wearing your contact lenses.

Below is a guide to contact lenses and the problems you may encounter from wearing the visual aid:

Knowing Your Contact Lens

It is smart to know what your contact lens is made of and how each material affects your eyesight. Unlike your typical eyeglasses, a contact lens is made from finer and flexible materials that come in direct contact with your eye. Contact lens types include the soft lens, rigid gas permeable lens, and silicone hydrogel lens. There are other types of contact lenses, including hybrid contact lenses and PMMA lenses. Click here here’s a great place to get started with dream colored contacts.

Soft Lens : This type of contact lens is made for daily use. It contains hydrogels, which makes the contact lens flexible and less rigid. Oxygen can also pass through the contact lens. The advantages of wearing a soft lens are comfortability, availability, and convenience. Cleaning it is not a hassle and is not necessarily needed. Active people who are usually on the go would benefit the most from wearing soft lenses.

Rigid Gas Permeable Lens : As the name of the contact lens suggests, this type of lens is more rigid than its counterpart. Also called RGP lenses, the rigid contact lens is known for rendering a sharper vision than the soft lenses and silicone hydrogel lens but maintains the same level of comfort to the eyes as well. Also, it has a longer lifespan or has more durability and is easier to put on. People with astigmatism may benefit the most due to the reliability and comfort of the RGP lenses.

Silicone Hydrogel Lens : The silicone hydrogel lens is made up of the same materials like the soft lens but with silicone. The contact lens allows more oxygen to reach the deeper part of the eye or the cornea region. This is the most common type of contact lens among people who have contact lenses in the US by 64 percent.

Types of Contact Lens Configurations

You may not realize yet that your contact lens problems were caused the type of shape or feature on your contact lenses. It is essential to be aware of the contact lens design on your contacts, as well as the features that may harm your eyes. Below are the four different contact lenses designs:

  • Spherical Design - the spherical design covers most of the eye’s surface area and has equal strength and optical correction throughout the contact lens. More than 50 percent of people wear this type of contact lens, and it is most commonly worn by people who are nearsighted or farsighted.
  • Toric Design – this design specializes in improving the eyesight of people with astigmatism. But it is also applicable to people with myopia or hyperopia. This is a soft contact lens that is used by 25 percent of Americans.
  • Multifocal Design – the multifocal design is made to correct various types of eyesight issues such as presbyopia, which reading glasses are used for, and farsightedness, nearsightedness, and astigmatism. Less than 20 percent of contact lenses wearers use this type of contacts.
  • Cosmetic Design – this contact lens designed is commonly used by actors, models, or other professionals alike to enhance or change their eye color. Less than 6 percent use contact lenses for cosmetic purposes. A prescription from an eye doctor is needed even if the contact lenses do not have corrective properties for the eyes.

Contact Lenses Issues

If you wear eyeglasses daily, you may have experienced some problems while wearing it, such as skin irritation or hindered vision by the frame. With contact lenses, you do not need to worry about the obstructed view or skin irritation. Nonetheless, you may experience a certain degree of discomfort or irritation in your eyes at the beginning.

Contact Lens Discomfort

According to the non-profit organization Tear Film and Ocular Surface Society, the characteristics of contact lens discomfort are as follows:

  • Periodic or persistent awareness or discomfort sensations on the eye while wearing contacts.
  • Vision disturbances may or may not be present.
  • The sensations can be traced to reduced compatibility between the contact lens and the eye environment.
  • May lead to decreased wearing time or discontinuation of contact lens wear.

Dry Eyes

Dry eyes occur when your eye does not sufficiently produce tears or provide enough moisture on your eye. While patient factors such as age or genetics can be considered as the cause of this optical issue, prolonged use of contact lenses may also contribute to dry eyes. Applying an eyedropper is not enough for the long run, so you must get expert advice from your optical doctor.

Eye Irritation

There are plenty of causes for eye irritation in association to wearing contact lenses:

  • Conjunctivitis – Also known as pinkeye, conjunctivitis is described as the “swelling and redness of the eyelids.” The more severe form of this issue is known as giant papillary conjunctivitis.
  • Allergy – Not everyone is safe from wearing contact lenses since others may experience allergic reactions on the eyes from wearing contacts alone. This would have something to do with the materials that the contact lens was made from.
  • Damaged Cornea – The cornea could sustain scratches from your contact lenses if it is not worn gently or is used daily. Dirty contacts also play a role in damaging the cornea region and may lead to infection.

Hypoxia

Your eyes involuntarily absorb oxygen in the air but wearing contact lenses may hinder the intake of oxygen. As a result, your cornea may suffer from swelling or cloudiness. This issue is more likely to occur in people who sleep with their contacts on or do not remove it every day.

If you continue to experience the issues above when wearing your contact lenses consistently, it means that you should visit your ophthalmologist or optometrist for a checkup.

Preventing Contact Lens Problems

Here are some preventive measures and routines you should do to avoid major problems from wearing contact lenses:

  • Make sure that your hands are thoroughly cleaned before touching your contact lens.
  • Disinfect and clean your contact lens regularly.
  • Use a new contact lens case and replace after every three months.
  • Do not wear your contact lenses while sleeping, swimming, or taking a shower.
  • Visit your physician for follow-up maintenance and checkup.
  • Replace your contact lenses if or when necessary.
  • Eat food or consume supplements that are beneficial for the eyes.